Thursday, September 3, 2020
The Bruntland Commission of the United Nations on March 20 1987 characterized Sustainable Development as Development that satisfies the needs of the present without trading off the capacity of future coevalss to run into their ain requests. Manageable Development grasps financial thriving, cultural value and natural solidarity. TheA conceptA ofA sustainableA urbanA developmentA representsA aA majorA challengeA forA authoritiess throughoutA theA contemporaryA world.A DespiteA theA rhetoricA ofA sustainableA developmentA overA the pastA twoA decennaries, A theA gapA betweenA publicA declarationsA ofA principleA andA implementationA of concreteA measuresA remainsA significantA inA mostA cities.A TheA majorityA ofA theA worldA populationA livesA inA urbanA nations, An andA itA isA estimatedA that, An if currentA trendsA proceed, A 65 % An ofA theA populationA willA beA urbanA dwellersA byA theA yearA 2025. UrbanisationA andA urbanA growthA onA thisA unprecedentedA scaleA poseA fundamentalA questionsA as toA whetherA thisA magnitudeA ofA urbanA developmentA canA beA sustained.A Consequently, A theA pursue ofA sustainableA urbanA developmentA hasA emergedA asA aA majorA challengeA forA authoritiess throughoutA theA contemporaryA universe. TheA idealA worldA envisagedA atA theA RioA EarthA SummitA inA 1992A wasA oneA inA whichA theA points ofA sustainableA developmentA wouldA beA fulfilledA atA allA levelsA ofA spatialA association. AgendaA 21A ofA theA SummitA focusedA particularA attentionA onA theA challengeA ofA practical developmentA atA theA urbanA scale.A InA 1994A theA GlobalA ForumA onA CitiesA andA Sustainable DevelopmentA consideredA 50A cities'A reportsA onA progress A beingA madeA towardsA economical developmentA ( MitlinA andA Satterthwaite, A 1994 ) , An andA inA 1996A theA UNA CityA SummitA ( HabitatA II ) monitoredA theA progressA ofA citiesA acrossA theA globeA onA achievingA sustainabilityA ( UNA CentreA for HumanA Settlements, A 1996 ) . ThisA study examinesA the conceptA ofA sustainableA urbanA improvement of Glasgow, the issues and the way frontward in building up an increasingly feasible Glasgow City and in the long run, a figure of choices are introduced on the odds for economical urban advancement in Glasgow.Brief HISTORY OF GLASGOWGlasgow is situated in the South of Scotland, the biggest city in Scotland with a populace of 598,830. There have been numerous changes in industry and city arranging since its commencement. Glasgow was established in the nineteenth century. It was a decent settlement site since it was situated close to the River Clyde which was imperative for exchange and fishing. Close by coalfields made the city fruitful. One fifth of the considerable number of boats known to man were worked in Glasgow and it was said that Glasgow Ã¢â¬Å" gave the universe ships Ã¢â¬ . hypertext move convention:/www.scottish-places.info/maps/m219.jpg ( Image demoing guide of Glasgow )THE SUSTAINABILITY OF GLASGOWThe desire of making supportable networks has been an of import bit of the Glasgow Government Ã¢â¬Ës agenda over the past decennaries. There are numerous land factors that prompted Glasgow Ã¢â¬Ës significance. One factor was that Glasgow was generally resourced with Fe and coal and these are the two boss fixings while bring forthing steel. This steel is so utilized for some things, for example, railways ( for example The Clyde Tunnel, 1963 ) , length building ( for example Kingston Bridge, 1970 ) and most essentially shipbuilding. Another factor that prompted the significance of Glasgow is that it is arranged on the River Clyde ; an extremely profound and wide waterway. These two joined together, prompted a major boat building industry bring forthing in Glasgow and numerous worries get bringing down up in such a work. Anyway Glasgow without further ado started to meet arranged employments. The activity in Glasgow at this clasp was the existence conditions. The most noticeably awful bit of housing in Glasgow was the Gorbals. They were moistnesss, foul, plagued, and generally stuffed and these hapless conditions drove on to grouped different employments, for example, drugs, intoxicant, harlotry, hooliganism, prejudice, vagrancy, and hooliganism. There was other than a group of unwellness and malady in these ghettos during this clasp, predominantly because of the congestion, since things spread so quickly from individual to person. Another kind of housing in Glasgow was an apartment ; these were the transient side of Glasgow Ã¢â¬Ës success and were essentially obliged by individuals that moved into town from the state to work in the boat building industry. These were once in a while in such a hapless area they tumble down while individuals were populating inside them following in a high figure of u nfortunate expires. The city was supposed to be in an area of inside city rot. Glasgow City Council Ã¢â¬Ës committedness to economical advancement was iÃ¢ ¬?rst featured in the model papers Ã¢â¬ËDeveloping the Sustainable City Ã¢â¬Ë and was Glasgow Ã¢â¬Ës beginning part to the global Local Agenda 21 Program. The significance of maintainability was underlined by the Local Government in Scotland Act 2003 which sets out an obligation on nearby governments to Ã¢â¬Å" dispatch its duties under this region in a way which adds to the achievement of feasible advancement Ã¢â¬ . The Scottish Executive later propelled Ã¢â¬ËChoosing our Future Ã¢â¬Ë in December 2005 as bit of the specialists Ã¢â¬Ës committedness to the UK shared model for feasible turn of events. This plan gives the model to a figure of the Executive Ã¢â¬Ës new and developing plans on clime adjustment, movement, sustainable power source, vitality efiÃ¢ ¬?ciency, green occupations and biodiversity.WasteGlasgow arranges its waste essentially at the Cathkin landfill site in South Lanarkshire. So as to advance waste reusing, the city committee has dispersed about the undermentioned container Numberss to families as at November 2009. Blue receptacles ( individual belongingss ) Ã¢â¬ 110, 740 Blue receptacles ( pads/apartments ) Ã¢â¬ 140, 000 Earthy colored receptacles for natural nursery squander Ã¢â¬ 102, 800 400+ open collection focuses 25,000 violet receptacles appropriated to singular families for a kerbside glass conglomeration administration ( Feb 2010 )CITY PlanThe city program presents a city wide vision for the physical advancement of Glasgow. This contains the proposition and arrangements that will follow up on the arranging conclusions taken of the city. The city Ã¢â¬Ës advancement plot plays a cardinal capacity in settling Glasgow Ã¢â¬Ës populace and in creating maintainable city regions, where the extent of administrations, establishments and chances required by tenants on a standard balance can be surveyed by bicycle, pes or open movement. As Glasgow Ã¢â¬Ës old housing stock is being supplanted and terrible improvement changes the substance of our regions, it is of import that more extensive natural and cultural contemplations are to the full valued. Great housing altogether is non adequate to do the city an alluring topographic point to populate in. The city program 2 has vital purposes which are individuals, occupations, biodiversity, squander bearing, guidance, vitality, base, legacy and the assembled condition, retail, and so on. Glasgow endures one of the most noticeably awful clog occupations in Scotland, for decennaries traffic coming all through the city has been a significant issue for city and movement contrivers. An A The Glasgow beat way web directly incorporates over 200km of ways and is perpetually being taken a shot at to better and augment the accessible ways, doing Glasgow a perfect city to turn over out the Ã¢â¬Ëcity musicality Ã¢â¬Ë undertaking. At present beat stumbles into and out the city Center is in overflow of 5,000 for each twenty-four hours and has seen an expansion in cycling inside the city of 50 % in the last 3 years.A Cycling is separated from everyone else in its capacity to flexibly a physical movement with health advantages to natural advantages and this endeavors means to mirror these requests, difficulties and chances that the intensity of cycling presents.A The SGP purposes to possibly get down a comparable endeavor to London and Dublin Ã¢â¬Ës gigantically fruitful cruiser employ technique. The build called Ã¢â¬ËCity Cycle Ã¢â¬Ë is one of the principal endeavors of its sort in Scotland. The endeavor expects to gracefully different bicycle rental docks over the city at key locations.ISSUES AND THE WAY FORWARDAlthough numerous manageability issues are planetary, we relate directly to what exactly is go oning where we live. There are a few difficulties which compromise progression towards economical improvement closes. Maintainability issues have gotten extremely normal in numerous Fieldss of financial and socio-political life that it is much of the time overlooked that it needs new assaults and adjustments in guidelines controlling human capacities, organization developments and methods of thought. A portion of the issues and a proposal of how to improve of them are: Biodiversity Ã¢â¬ Polluting the air with dust, particulate issue, gases from mechanical strategies and engine fumes exhaust harm human wellbeing, the regular habitat and personal satisfaction. So we ought to larn to be increasingly witting about nature in other non to destruct life Ã¢â¬Ës assets. Network Development Ã¢â¬ Organizations should cooperate with authoritiess and the networks where they work, alongside different associations to better the instructive, social, monetary, cultural and natural prosperity of the network. Congruity Ã¢â¬ Full moon requests of rule law ought to be met, models or some other signifier of understanding directing manageability issues, for example, the utilization of land, air and different assets, business law, organization and money. Decent variety and Opportunity Ã¢â¬ The specialists should ensure equ
Thursday, August 27, 2020
Future and Innovation (report) - Essay Example Despite the fact that the machine was a smart thought, it has confronted different difficulties in its turn of events and adjustment as an apparatus for looking after cleanliness, where carrying out the responsibility by hand would be excessively burdening. This paper will at that point talk about how creations like that of human clothes washer happen, and the components that impact their acknowledgment in the market. Future and Innovation: Human Washing Machines Introduction Innovation is the realizing of another thought, so as to take care of a current issue or the presentation of another strategy for playing out a specific errand. The world is a comprised of dynamic conditions, along these lines a totally profitable method of finishing a particular errand faces the threat of turning into an unacceptable methods for achieving the equivalent (Merton 1968). With propels in innovation, already ordinary errands like that of cleaning oneÃ¢â¬â¢s body have gotten profoundly specialized. This implies the way toward expelling soil from oneÃ¢â¬â¢s body can be coordinated with installed PC frameworks that would screen the procedure to guarantee that, for instance, water is warmed to the perfect temperature. The skin is shampooed to the set foam sum and the errand is rehashed until a specific limit is reached. The Avant's Santelubain 999 is one such machine that is made by Japanese makers. The market is as of now overflowed with individual consideration items, which run from those that are utilized to keep up the uprightness of organs, for instance sun blocking creams, to those that upgrade the appearance and working properties of the body, similar to toothpastes. In any case, there has been a deficiency of hardware that could guarantee that these items are applied precisely and reliably. Despite the fact that man is an innovative animal, she is likewise inclined to getting worn out when the assignment requests dullness. That is the reason; machines of mechanical nat ure are acceptable arrangement funeral directors of such dull assignments (Wejnert 2002). The highlights of a human clothes washer, the Avant's Santelubain 999 are analyzed here, and in looking at it, it is delineated that how advancement definitely happens because of a need to satisfy a typical human requirement for cleanliness support. This paper will talk about the highlights of the human clothes washer as concerning its capacity to upgrade the way toward cleaning oneÃ¢â¬â¢s body. Specialized device reports gave the specialized portrayal of the human clothes washer and have framed the premise of inspecting the human clothes washer for suitability as a down to earth bit of hardware. This paper talks about the new measurement that a human clothes washer will get the individual consideration industry. Issue The Avant's Santelubain 999 draws its motivation from the Star Trek motion pictures, which insinuated an existence where people are encased in cases that serve different capaci ties that extend from transporting, resting, cleanliness and correspondence. The human clothes washer is an ideal case of how developments vigorously get from anecdotal, dream works and subsequently acknowledge them as a general rule. The clothes washer is illustrative of the reality about how the line between the future and the present is progressively getting obscured by propels in developments. The human clothes washer was a consequence of radical advancement. The advancement of the Avant's Santelubain 999 machine can be placed in setting by considering its perspectives when contrasted with the models of development that were advanced by one of the pioneers of modern advancement:
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Follow the complex apparently conflicting connection between the outlandish 'novelty' of primitivism and the inclination to investigate ethnic or national roots - Essay Example The canvas included pictures, still lifes, scene, verve, nudes of immediacy with rich finished surfaces, intense hues and exuberant straight examples. The Fauves utilized alarming differentiations of emerald green, vermilion, distinctive orange and cerulean blue in striking strokes and clearing brush strokes. Fauves wanted to utilize the two sides of Expressionism. Outward articulation was communicated in the intense arrival of interior contemplations in wild shading, ruthless and ground-breaking brushworks and the delineation of internal articulation stirred the feeling of the watchers through the structures. There was no official association of Fauve painters. The laxity of elaborate affinities and individual associations drove the Fauve development to deteriorate when the fine art rose. The craftsmen who followed Fauve standards withdrew from the thought and followed their very own styles. The short residency of Fauvism anyway made astounding commitment to the specialty of paintin g by testing expressive, auxiliary and stylish capacities. Henri Matisse was a noticeable figure among the Fauve group.1 German Expressionism advanced from Fauvism and moved past the workmanship in convincing, sensational depiction of individuals and scenes. Three principle gatherings of German Expressionism were Die Brucke, Der Blaue Reiter and Die Neue Sachlichkeit. Der Blaue ReiterÃ¢ or the Blue Rider bunch came to fruition in Munich which is home of cutting edge New Artist Association. The most celebrated craftsman of Der Blaue Reiter was Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc. Der Blaue Reiter was a free relationship with craftsmen like Paul Klee, August Macke and Gabriele Munter. The target of the Blue Rider was to imbue workmanship with otherworldly qualities with the utilization of shading. Blue riders mean obscure. Marc ingrained that creature had honesty thus it is better than human. The Blue Rider Expressions are gentle structures which are found in Cossacks by Kandinsky, Little Blue Horse and The Little Blue Horses by
Development of the Human Heart into Four Chambers The human heart doesn't look a lot of like those Valentines Day confections or the photos we drew on our adoration notes when we were in primary school. The present human heart is an enormous solid organ with four loads, a septum, a few valves, and different parts vital for siphoning blood all around the human body. Be that as it may, this astounding organ is a result of advancement and has burned through a huge number of years idealizing itself so as to keep people alive. Invertebrate Hearts Invertebrate creatures have exceptionally straightforward circulatory frameworks. Many don't show some kindness or blood since they are not unpredictable enough to require an approach to get supplements to their body cells. Their cells can simply ingest supplements through their skin or from different cells. As the spineless creatures become somewhat more mind boggling, they utilize an open circulatory framework. This kind of circulatory framework doesn't have any veins or has not many. The blood is siphoned all through the tissues and channels back to the siphoning component. Like in worms, this kind of circulatory framework doesn't utilize a real heart. It has at least one little strong territories fit for contracting and pushing the blood and afterward reabsorbing it as it channels back. In any case, these solid districts were the forerunners to our perplexing human heart. Fish Hearts Of the vertebrates, fish have the least difficult sort of heart. While it is a shut circulatory framework, it has just two chambers. The top is known as the chamber and the base chamber is known as the ventricle. It has just a single enormous vessel that takes care of the blood into the gills to get oxygen and afterward move it around the fishs body. Frog Hearts It is imagined that while fish just lived in the seas, creatures of land and water like the frog were the connection between water-abiding creatures and the more current land creatures that advanced. Intelligently, it follows that frogs would, along these lines, have a more mind boggling heart than fish since they are higher on the transformative chain. Truth be told, frogs have a three-chambered heart. Frogs developed to have two atria rather than one, yet at the same time just have one ventricle. The partition of the atria permits frogs to keep the oxygenated and deoxygenated blood out of this world into the heart. The single ventricle is huge and strong so it can siphon the oxygenated blood all through the different veins in the body. Turtle Hearts The subsequent stage up on the developmental stepping stool is the reptiles. It was as of late found that a few reptiles, similar to turtles, really have a heart that has a kind of a three and a half chambered heart. There is a little septum that goes mostly down the ventricle. The blood is as yet ready to blend in the ventricle, yet the planning of the siphoning of the ventricle limits that blending of the blood. Human Hearts The human heart, alongside the remainder of the well evolved creatures, is the most intricate having four chambers. The human heart has a full fledged septum that isolates both the atria and the ventricles. The atria sit on the ventricles. The correct chamber gets deoxygenated blood returning from different pieces of the body. That blood is then allowed into the correct ventricle which siphons the blood to the lungs through the pneumonic supply route. The blood gets oxygenated and afterward comes back to one side chamber through the pneumonic veins. The oxygenated blood at that point goes into the left ventricle and is siphoned out to the body through the biggest vein in the body, the aorta. This complex, yet productive, method of getting oxygen and supplements to body tissues took billions of years to advance and great.
Friday, August 21, 2020
The State of Working America - Assignment Example Assessment rates were additionally definitely cut for all salary divisions. The national obligation was cut by 33%, as cited by one financial history specialist, Ã¢â¬Å"Despite the seriousness of the compression, the Fed didn't move to utilize its forces to turn the cash supplies around and battle the contraction.Ã¢â¬ Therefore, by the mid year of 1921 obvious indications of recuperation started to appear. Joblessness had returned to 6.7 percent and down to 2.4 percent by 1923. (Mataconis, 2009). As per Slichter high compensation rehearses were received during the 1920s because of the danger of work inconvenience, businesses being reluctant to decrease compensation in contrast with discount estimating, and acknowledging how significant good and effectiveness had become to work. (Slichter, 2005). Work inconvenience dangers started to top in 1920, and the six-years earlier observed a twofold of participation in worker's organizations. Unionism had built up itself in the Chicago Pack ing Plants, the US Steel Corporation and the Pennsylvania Railroad too. Managers appeared to have the conviction that work was at risk for getting radical. (Slitter, 2005). New techniques were utilized in industry to endeavor to make laborers progressively productive and placated. 1. Helping workers get property, 2. Helping representatives obtain a Ã¢â¬Å"stakeÃ¢â¬ in the organizations which utilized them. 3. Shielding them from subjective treatment. 4. Compensating nonstop assistance with the organization. 5. Giving them headway openings and greater duty. 6. Offering them security. These things brought about an ascent of around 11 percent in time-based compensations for assembly line laborers somewhere in the range of 1920 and 1925. Subsequently, workers started to set aside cash, which was supported by agents. (Slichter, 2005). The 1920s known as the Ã¢â¬Å"roaring twentiesÃ¢â¬ picked up its name from being envisioned as a period of American success and positive thinking. No netheless, it is additionally observed as a period of social change, a time of the Model T, $5 work days, planes, motion pictures, and provocative dress. The country moved from urbanism to corporate greed and carried with its preclusion, the Ku Klux Klan, exacting migration laws, and hoodlums. Cited by Jerrie Cheek from the Kennesaw University, Ã¢â¬Å"The incredible economy may of America from 1920 to October 1929 is every now and again overlookedÃ¢â¬ ¦the quality of America was created and driven by its immense monetary power.Ã¢â¬ (Cheek, 2005). The event on October 1929 on a Tuesday, know as Ã¢â¬Å"black TuesdayÃ¢â¬ turned into the start of the Great Depression. Two months after the financial exchange crash investors had lost more than $40 billion dollars in ventures. Financial experts and antiquarians both accept that the monetary downturn that appeared in mid 1929 lead to the accident. The market improved to some degree before the finish of 1930; be that as it may, it was insufficient to shield America from entering the Great Depression. (Kelley, 2012). By 1933 11,000 of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s 25,000 banks had fizzled, and on the grounds that stores were uninsured, reserves were just lost. Banks, being uncertain of the economy, quit giving new credits, which added to the circumstance. (The Great Depression, 2012).Ã¢
Personal Cause and Effect Essay TopicsYou can use personal cause and effect essay topics to help you write the right kind of essay. There are a lot of personal cause and effect essay topics that can be used. The only issue is that they might not be the topic you are thinking of. If you want to learn more about this topic, read on.Personal cause and effect refer to the theories of evolution and biological science. It's the basis for natural selection. In the theory of evolution, a change is caused by an outside source. This causes a response from the body of the organism. The outcome is a new form of life, or the development of a whole new species.It's important to understand how the natural laws work in the theory of evolution, especially the law of natural selection. This law states that the odds of a person evolving into a new species is greater when their genes aren't used up.There are different types of mutations in nature. The best type of mutation for the human race is one that only produces a slight difference. The line that was passed down the family tree doesn't need to have their genes used up.These types of mutations don't seem to come from evolution but rather as an accident, perhaps brought on by chance, these unneeded genes have spread throughout the generations and allowed them to multiply. That's why some of the most talented people are created at random. No one knows why or how the mutations happened. They were just there, and today the human race has the ability to pass those genes on.There are many different types of essays and subjects that use the theory of personal cause and effect. These can include anything from fiction writing topoetry. If you're going to write an essay about something or someone that happens to you, you should be familiar with this topic. This isn't meant to offend anyone. The theory of personal cause and effect is a scientific fact.Personal cause and effect essay topics can include anything from health subjects to for eign policy. Some topics include: Religion, Nature, Technology, and Politics. Even math is included as a topic for essays.A lot of great teachers put into these topics, and the theory of personal cause and effect in a lot of the best essays out there. Look online for more information on these topics.
Wednesday, June 10, 2020
Multilingualism is the phenomenon of speaking and understanding more than one language. In the United States of America, the Act of Bilingual Education was adopted in 1968 providing federal funding to encourage local school districts to try approaches incorporating native-language instruction. Bilingual education has many advantages in lifeit provides better job opportunities, more effective communication, raises cultural awareness and develops skills. Therefore, it is essential to introduce bilingual education early on at school. Speaking another language is seen as a sign of more educated and intelligent person, giving greater access to higher-paying jobs while also broadening job opportunities. For a bilingual person, there are more job opportunities, they can change jobs more easily, and often their jobs are higher paid. A study shows that bilinguals have more analytic orientation to language and they do better at school by having higher test scores. In many areas, like retail and sales, knowing another language is an enormous plus, and usually bilinguals are favored by employers. With the spread of online industries, many businesses are becoming global and multicultural which make employers hire multilingual employees to broaden their horizon. Bilinguals can communicate with more costumers making them a greater asset to the company. A report released by New American Economy (NAE) in 2017 showed that over the past five years there has been a growing demand for bilingual employees. While in 2010 around 240 000 job postings targeted bilinguals, the number grew up to 630 000 by 2015. As it turned out in the same report, the fastest growth in bilingual listings from 2010 to 2015 was for so-called high prestige jobs, a category including financial managers, editors, and industrial engineers. (https://www.newamericaneconomy.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/NAE_Bilingual_V9.pdf) Bilinguals definitely have advantages on the job market and they can often communicate with their employers and customers better than monolinguals. Bilingual education allows to communicate more effectively, widely, and makes people more creative. Language is strongly connected with thoughts, meaning that bilinguals have divergent thinking and higher verbal intelligence. A study between Nigerian and Welsh monolinguals and bilinguals found that the latter were significantly better in the verbal creativity tests (Okoh, N. (1980)). Not only makes bilingual education kids more creative in language use but it gives them another personality. Almost all multilinguals agree that speaking another language gives you a new personality and often a new way of seeing life and problems. There are not a lot of studies have made to find out how and why do we change when we speak another language. Susan Ervin-Tripp conducted a survey where she gave Japanese-American women sentences to complete and the endings were very different in different languages. To the sentence When my wishes conflict with my family, a womans Japanese response was ..its a time of great unhappiness while she finished the same sentence in English I do what I want. Speaking more than one language, gives you parts of that languages culture, ethics and believes. It is unexplainable why do we change the endings of our sentences in different languages or why do we turn a little bit more passionate and energetic while speaking Spanish butn remain silent and restrained while speaking Japanese but almost every multilingual agrees that they have as many personalities as many languages they speak. Speaking another language also expands your communication circle and allows to talk with more people from different cultures. Communicating directly with different cultures helps bilinguals to communicate more freely, develop their thinking and creativity but also accept cultural differences. Bilinguals are more aware of cultural differences and have higher social and emotional skills. Metacultural awarenessunderstanding of the distinctiveness of cultures, and diversity towards cultural diversity, is very important and it is highly essential to be tolerant towards other cultures, their traditions, and beliefs. With higher cultural awareness amongst bilinguals, they have more knowledge, understand feelings and behavior better, and are more tolerant towards others. Comfort with diversity and different cultures is becoming more and more important in the world and we should do everything to raise the next generation to be more tolerant and culturally aware. Bilingualism has a significant positive effect on childrens linguistic, cognitive and educational development. Speaking two or more languages is associated with increased abilities to concentrate, solve problems, and focus. Therefore, bilingualism changes the mindset and brain activity. Being multilingual is also associated with better mental flexibility and attention skills since they need to constantly pay attention when to speak what language. The study amongst group of monolingual and bilingual 10-year old children from six Montreal French schools were administered verbal and nonverbal intelligence tests showed that bilinguals performed better and they seemed to have better mental flexibility and diversified set of mental abilities. Also, they performed better at school. https://psycnet.apa.org.eres.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/fulltext/2011-17952-001.pdf Considering all the advantages mentioned above, America should advance its bilingual education programs and introduce it more actively in the elementary school. The author of Teach Knowledge, Not Mental Skills brought out how he heard a Lebanese man complaining that the average high school graduate in his homeland can speak fluently in Arabic, French, and English while Americans are mostly monolingual and that is seen as a negative sign amongst foreigners. Multilingualism is highly advanced in Europe and in most parts of Asia, but United States is largely monolingual. The European Commission survey in 2006 shows that only about 15-20 percent of Americans consider themselves bilingual, compared to 56 percent of Europeans. The Arabic professor Mahmoud Al-Batal said that the inability to speak a foreign language makes it difficult for Americans to compete globally on a linguistic and cultural level. It would be very beneficial for America to advance the bilingual education system and he lp young children get better social and cognitive skills and therefore prepare them for future helping them. Bilingualism shapes minds for lifetime and gives many advantages, including more job opportunities, cultural and communicational benefits, and developed skills. America should approach to multilingualism as a good tool that helps to develop its country and people.